Beaches, textiles, cacti, seafood, and old, old, old buildings are just a few of the pieces of the puzzle called Hội An – one of the oldest, and most immaculately preserved, trading port towns existing in SE Asia today… and definitely one of the most unique.
In July 2014 I visited with my good friend Lisa, after spending several (extremely mild) days in beautiful Da Lat and a bit in Saigon. It was only 700 km from the south-central highlands to this central port town, but the weather couldn’t have been more different! We got a lot of variation on our trip together – a key characteristic of Vietnam.
Da Lat required me to buy a sweatshirt and scarf (a scarf, people), but there was zero need for them here. Although it was the beginning of the rainy season, we were blessed with three days of beautiful, hot, sunny days, and we took advantage of each one to the fullest, eating, drinking, biking, and walking our way around this sleepy and beautiful town.
|This is outside the Ancient Town, but
within Hội An. That is a Happy Cow!
|TWO-FER SHOT: Tailoring + Lanterns.|
Today, this town is best known for being Vietnam’s tailoring and lantern capitol, and providing a living example of what a major trading post port town looked like from the 15-19th centuries.
It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999 (joining Ha Long Bay, among others), and since then their economy has blown up in a major way. The port itself is used for both tourism and fishing, but, much like other Vietnamese hotspots, tourism has not put a dent in traditional methods of earning a living. Conservative Vietnamese culture is hesitant to ever put all its eggs in one basket, to say the least, and although the number of families depending on tourism is statistically significant, there are thousands more for whom the exploding tourism industry is only a local sideshow.
|This plaza hosted theatre at night – but my poor iPhone
camera does NOT like lantern light so much. Also…
no idea what was going on. Didn’t watch much.
|Pants. Pants everywhere. So cheap.|
There are four major museums in the city, but at this point in my summer the last thing I wanted to see was more shards of pottery from ancient Vietnam (it had been a long summer of sightseeing at this point already). We didn’t spend any money on the Hội An Entrance Ticket, which was required to come and go from the different institutions, but The Hội An Folklore Museum museum intrigued me – we were running short of money and isotonic drinks at that point of the day, however, so it was a no-go.
There is also the Museum of History and Culture, the Museum of Trade Ceramics, and the Museum of Sa Huỳnh Culture, all of which I’m sure are quite academically interesting and probably (definitely) would have made my eyes glaze over. A man can only take so many history museums, let’s be honest. Hopefully next time I visit (if that happens) I’ll be in the mood to learn more about the ancient Champa culture, and the various regional influences on the city.
|It’s the most relaxed block-party in Vietnam –
Ancient Town, bumpin’ pubs, never-ending street donut paradise.
|UNESCO rules and township ordinances preserve the
structures in Ancient Town, most of which are variations
on this theme – wooden, red, and gold.
Lisa and I spent much of our time walking and motorbiking around the city and surrounding environs, hitting up the major sights and absorbing the smells and atmosphere unique to such a touristy place. Don’t forget: this is the only place in the world you can get the unique and tasty Cao Lau!
Fortunately, that means touristy for Vietnamese, too, which means traditional street theatre, performers, donut stands (oh my god, the donut stands!), street food of all kinds, and unique experiences like sending candles down the river in little paper boat things. Watching small flames in all different colors float downstream from the main pedestrian bridge was a magical sight, and lent an ethereal feeling to the shores, blazing with a thousand lanterns of every conceivable color.
|Lanterns! All shapes, sizes, colors, designs, and materials!!|
Truly, the way that lanterns light up this city is spectacular. Word of mouth says that the lanterns were introduced in the mid-nineties, and are not an ancient tradition (at least to the extent that Hội An takes it) but rather an atmospheric addition that has helped the site develop a visual identity recognizable the world over.
|A mid-morning cafe in traditional colors.|
I heartily approve. An attractive and unique identity is hard enough to develop for historical places – with the lived-in and functioning atmosphere that permeates Hội An, it adds a needed piece of unifying character – and one that you can’t really overdo (thank goodness, because they’d be at critical mass otherwise).
Outside of the Ancient Town portion of Hội An, there are long walks, a billion more tailors (although we recommend Ha Na Tailor) and cobblers (and everyone you meet has a tailor shopt their relatives run and it’s simply the best in town, but hurry they’re so good they need you to come right now today), many, many temples, beautiful outlying districts, rice paddies and vegetable farms, and two really nice beaches with some fantastic swimming areas.
One bizarre thing we saw on our walk to An Banh beach the second day, something I never expected, was an abundance of cacti. Most of them looked like this:
An Bang beach was the first of the two beaches we visited. I said goddamn. More beach time, please!
It wasn’t as ritzy as the resort at Mui Ne, but it wasn’t as insanely crowded as the beaches at Vung Tau, either. We weren’t there for a weekend, which probably helped, and it was a lovely, relaxing time. We took turns splashing around in the waves and sunbathing/sunburning until we’d had enough for the day, eating a little rice now and then and waving off the many beach vendors with trinkets.
We rented a bike for one of our days in Hội An, and it was a much cooler way to get around than walking. There’s nothing like making your own breeze to pretend you’re not sweating your face off! Our small tour took us round one of the islands off the mainland, and we got to see many small temples, as well as the regular assortment of houses and shops.
We also found some parking and walked around the Market, still housed in the original structure but now extending down side streets in most directions. Lots and lots of t-shirts, table runners, lanterns, trinkets, and other touristy things were available, as well as anything you’d find in any local market – fresh seafood and meat, produce, rice, bread, office supplies, etc.
Additionally, we discovered an entire market building devoted to textiles, but had to leave relatively quickly… as soon as we walked in we were besieged by vendors trying to get us to step into their ‘shop’ and get some clothes made on the spot. No picture-taking happened here – we were too anxious to get away from the sales pressure!
The structures in the Ancient Town portion inevitably exhibit influences from the various cultures and religions that have utilized this site as an essential trading port for the last 500 years. Chinese meeting halls are in evidence, as well as buddhist temples of all varieties. They are not just relics – these are functioning meeting places and houses of worship, and upkeep seems to be ongoing and contemporary.
I’ve saved the icon of Hội An for last. This is a shot of the covered Japanese bridge – 500 years old and still standing! It’s the only example of its kind in the world that has a Buddhist temple attached to it (and it’s over the river portion! Very cool). UPDATE: Word is that they’re considering encasing it in glass to preserve it. I have no words.
|Begun in the year of the dog, finished in the year of the monkey. No moto allowed!|
At certain points during Hội An’s history, the town was segregated, with Japanese traders and business families living on the Western side of this bridge, and Vietnamese, Indian, Chinese, and Dutch (yes, even Dutch!) on the Eastern side. The bridge itself is remarkably intact, and lends its profile to the official badge of the city.
Overall, this was an utterly remarkable portion of Vietnam to visit, and I’m glad Lisa convinced me! There were a variety of unique meals we had here (which will be detailed in a post about veggie Vietnam) and the ambiance, atmosphere, and sights were unique to my experience so far. Far from Da Lat and Ho Chi Minh City, this showcased a different variety of Vietnamese experience, and one that is sure to continue changing – outside of Ancient Town – to cope with new challenges such as rapidly increasing tourist loads as well as climate change.